RM1025 Rare Virginia Manufactory Sword pattern with scabbard. The rounded iron pommel and guard with a sword-knot hole distinguish it from the First Model. First and Second Model Swords were not poplar with Virginia militiamen due to their great length. With a strongly curved blade originally 40” long they were not easy to handle and were replaced in 1808 by the Third Model which featured a relatively straight blade only 36” long. Due to the wide acceptance of the new, shorter swords many of the older swords left in storage were modified.
Before the War of 1812, the State of Virginia manufactured at the Virginia Manufactory, a number of heavy Dragoon swords that were so long and cumbersome that in many cases the troops rejected them. Many of them remained in storage until just prior to the American Civil War when the state began preparing for hostilities. They took what was useful, shortened and thinned the blades and contracted with Ames of Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts for scabbards. These scabbards have an iron drag with brass ring mounts. These swords were issued to Virginia's Cavalry during the Civil War and apparently did good service.
The blade on this sword was “slimmed and trimmed” to approximately 34” in length and 1” wide. The blade has the typical narrow and wide fuller on each side. The edge has no nicks. The blade remains semi-bright with patches of dark pitting overall.
Typical iron half basket with seven cut-outs and a sword-knot hole. Iron back strap on grip culminates with the rounded pommel. .
The Virginia Manufactory of Arms was established by the General Assembly in 1798. It was situated on the west end of Richmond just beyond the city limits on the south side of the James River Canal. The Manufactory produced muskets, bayonets, rifles, swords, pistols, cannon and the accouterments necessary for these weapons